Cell Therapy: The Solution For Kidney Disease Patients
Kidney disease is a menace affecting about 10% of the worldwide population.
Over two million people undergo kidney transplant or dialysis to keep them healthy and alive. Of the individuals treated with kidney disease, a majority reside in the following countries, Italy, Germany, Brazil, Japan, and the United States.
Around 12% of kidney related diseases come from developing countries. Although fatal, with early diagnosis and treatment, it is possible to stop its progression.
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> Cell Therapy For CKD
Could Cell Therapy Help With Kidney Disease?
Unfortunately, there are not enough donors, and cell therapy is proving to be an alternative solution.
Cell Therapy is capable of improving the intrinsic ability of the kidney to carry out its normal functions again.
Researchers carrying out the study on the effect of the new cells have said the live cells release proteins that enable growth of the kidney cells while repairing the damage caused.
What Is Kidney Disease?
When a person is healthy, their kidneys produce a hormone called erythropoietin, which stimulates the bone marrow to produce oxygen-carrying red blood cells.
During the sickness, the kidneys produce less erythropoietin, hence a reduction in the production of the red blood cells. This causes anemia which leads to the building of potassium in the blood, making it difficult for the kidneys to filter them out.
In turn, a condition called hyperkalemia occurs and that may cause an unusual heart rhythm. If not appropriately treated, then one is likely to suffer from paralyzed muscles.
When kidneys cannot filter out phosphates in the blood, the following occur:
- Damaging of the bones
- Muscle cramps
Kidney Disease Symptoms
Patients have varying symptoms. In some cases, in the early stage of kidney disease, someone may not feel sick or notice what is going on in their abdomen.
As the illness progresses, the kidneys fail to filter as they normally should, waste materials saturate in the blood and in the entire body.
This condition is called azotaemia. At low levels of azotaemia, symptoms barely show.
However, as the disease develops, symptoms start to show. At this stage, it is referred to as uremia.
An increased level of urea in the blood system may cause:
- Losing weight
- Presence of blood in urine
- Urinating more frequently
- Urinating less frequently
The following factors are likely to increase the risk of acquiring a kidney disease: obesity, smoking, high blood pressure, diabetes, heart and blood vessel disease,(cardiovascular disease), older age, abnormal kidney structure, family history of kidney disease, and being a native, American, or African-American.
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