Cerebral Vascular Accident Awareness
Cerebral Vascular Accident And Its Effects
Cerebral Vascular Accident (CVA), also known as Stroke, is one of the prime genesis of deaths in the United States, with over 5.9 million people perishing annually.
Studies show that the risk of suffering from CVA, varies with ethnicity and race with blacks suffering from strokes more as compared to whites.
Although death rates are declining annually, most people diagnosed with this debilitating condition are under the age of 65 years.
Some facts about the illness include:
• Most of CVA, affecting people is ischemic stroke, where blood flow to the brain is hindered.
• In the USA, a person has a stroke every 40 seconds, while someone dies from stroke after every four minutes.
• One out of every 20 deaths happening in the United States is from stroke.
Could Cell Therapy Help With Cerebral Vascular Accident?
Implantation of the live cells have demonstrated positive results in alleviating the debilitating symptoms of CVA. Delivery of the new cells into the human system is done through intra-arterial (IA) infusion, direct intracerebral (IC) injection, and cerebroventricular/intracisternal (ICV).
Cell Therapy works by targeting the parts of the brain that controls the motor function.
After the first or second infusion, a majority of patients show tremendous improvement in their way of life, such as improvement in overall blood circulation, ability to stand without any assistance, improved sensations in face and limbs, and reduction in muscle tension.
Most notably, patients showcase improved hand and eye coordination, where the motor skills, like toes, hands, and fingers work okay.
Cell Therapy focuses on treating the underlying causes of stroke through repairing the damaged tissues and replacing it with new ones.
What Is Cerebral Vascular Accident?
CVA occurs as a result of the bursting or leaking of blood vessels (hemorrhagic stroke) or blocked artery (ischemic stroke).
Some individuals only experience a temporary disturbance of blood flow to the brain, that does not result in permanent damage called (transient ischemic attack, or TIA)
1. Hemorrhagic stroke
This condition may occur from a number of problems that affect the blood vessels, such as:
• Weak spots in your blood vessels (aneurysms)
• Uncontrolled high blood pressure (high blood pressure)
• Excessive use of anticoagulants in treating the ailment (blood thinners)
The arteriovenous malformation, is a rare type of hemorrhage, where an abnormal thin-walled blood vessel ruptures. It includes subarachnoid hemorrhage, where an artery bursts and leads to a severe headache.
Intracerebral hemorrhage is when a blood vessel ruptures and damages the brain cells, by spilling into the surrounding brain tissue.
2. Ischemic stroke
This occurs when brain arteries become blocked or narrowed, leading to decrease in blood flow (ischemia).
The two known types of ischemic strokes include embolic stroke, where debris and blood clots form in other parts of the organs, and it is swept in the blood to thinner brain arteries.
The other common type is thrombotic stroke, which happens when a blood clots occurs in one of the arteries supplying blood to the brain.
Just like in so many diseases involving the organs, maintaining a healthy lifestyle is the sure way of preventing a cerebral vascular accident.
Cerebral Vascular Symptoms
Stroke symptoms vary depending on the person and the part of the brain that has been affected. The signs are spontaneous and although they may not be severe, the condition worsens with time.
It is advisable to get treatment promptly for a quicker prognosis.
Above all recognizing, and understanding the symptoms is paramount, and they include:
• A sudden headache especially when accompanied by dizziness, nausea, or vomiting.
• Paralysis or numbness in the arm, face, or leg that is likely to occur on one side of the body.
• Loss of balance and coordination
• Blurred or darkened vision
• Difficulty in speaking or understanding what others are saying
• Difficulty in walking
Medical practitioners have come up with the acronym “FAST” to help individuals recognize the most symptoms associated with stroke:
• Face – Has one side of the face dropped?
• Arm – When holding out all the arms, does one drift downwards?
• Speech – Is it slurred or abnormal?
• Time – If any of these signs have manifested, call 911 and get to the hospital
CVA is the third cause of death after cancer and heart disease, which mostly affects old people or anyone with the risk factors shown below:
• Age-related degeneration, that also affects the blood vessels.
• Some medicines like birth control pills are not appropriate for hypertensive patients.
• Valvular heart disease or congestive heart failure.
• Blood concentration where levels of hemoglobin are higher than usual.
• Drinking and smoking that leads to weakening of blood vessel wall.
• High cholesterol leading to the inflexibility of the walls of cerebral blood vessel causing blockage.
Cell Therapy has emerged as a promising mode, in augmenting the neurologic recovery of cerebral vascular accident.
Live cells have proven to be successful in treatment for Stroke. In both initial pilot studies and pre-clinical trials.
Once a person has a stroke, it is essential to seek medical attention, since if left untreated, it may lead to permanent brain damage.
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