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Affective Disorders – A Cell Therapy Approach

Affective Disorders – Mood Disorders And Mental Health

Overview

Affective disorders are a category of psychological conditions, where an individual experiences alternating mood swings.

The change in mood takes the form of mania or depression and could last for some months. Individuals suffering from this condition tend to show signs of bipolar disorder and depression.

Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder involves lengthy periods of mania and depression. When suffering from mania, one may feel good about themselves because of the excessive positive energy.
Although on the other hand, the condition can make one delusional, aggressive, impulsive, and irritable. Bipolar is categorized into the seriousness and extremes of mania, and depression, and how often the mood changes develop.

Depression

Depression is a severe condition, and hopelessness and extreme sadness usually characterize it. Depressive disorder lasts for several weeks, and its milder form is called dysthymia.

Anxiety disorders

There are several types of anxiety disorders usually characterized by feelings of fear, nervousness, and anxiety. They include:

  • Panic disorder
  • Generalized anxiety disorder
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • Social anxiety

 


Related Article – Anxiety Disorders – A Cell Therapy Treatment
> Anxiety Disorders And Human Behaviour


 

Affective Disorders Facts And Stats

Annually, millions of people are affected by problems emanating from mental health. Below are some facts about the impact and prevalence of the disease.

Villa Medica - Affective Disorders - Statistics - Infographic

Affective Disorders Statistics : 43.8 Million Adults experience mental illness in a given year in America. One-Half of all chronic mental illenss begins by the age of 14 and three-quarters by age of 24.

  • Approximately 1 in 5 youth between the age of 13-18 are affected by severe mental disorder, which interferes with their daily activities.
  • 2.6% of adults in the U.S. live with bipolar disorder.
  • Half of the chronic mental illnesses begin by the time a person reaches the age of 14. A quarter of the remaining disease affects people over the age of 24 years.
  • Treating mental illness costs the United States up to $193.2 billion each year.

Treatment options for affective disorders vary depending on the progression. If diagnosed correctly, and with the right treatment, individuals suffering from mood disorders can live a healthy, stable, and productive lifestyle.

Could Cell Therapy Help With Affective Disorders?

Affective disorders’ only known treatment was, for a long time, psychological counseling and antidepressant medication. The advancement in Cell Therapy is giving many people a second chance to lead a healthy life.

Villa Medica - Cell Therapy Explained - Infographic

Cell Therapy is an old treatment modality which involves implantation of living cells for treatment of diseases.

Apart from being a remedy, cellular therapy require commitment from the patient to improve the condition. It is not any different with affective disorders as it is partly associated with the brain thus ventricular tap and lumbar puncture is the best approach for intrathecal implantation for cell transplants.

So far, researchers have documented positive results impacting from treating affective disorders. Within three months, the energy levels and moods of the patients skyrocketed. A second trial carried out within six months showed exceptional results as the symptoms in patients had been alleviated permanently.

What Is Affective Disorder?

Affective disorder is a mental health condition that leads to extreme mood swings mostly hypomania and mania. Health professionals use this term to describe all types of bipolar disorders and depression.

Villa Medica - Affective Disorders - Facts - Infographic

Affective Disorders Facts : Affective disorder is a mental condition that leads to extreme mood swings mostly hypomania and mania. health professionals use this term to describe all types of bipolar disorders and depression.

As of now, the cause of mood disorders remains unknown, although physicians say it could emanate from chemical imbalances in the brain.

Despite mood disorders running in some families, there is no gene linked to them making it harder to understand their pattern. The conventional treatment for affective disorders is psychotherapy, medicine, a combination of medicine and therapy, family therapy, and behavioral therapy.

Teenagers, adults, and children experience mood disorders but they show different symptoms. Diagnosing the condition in children is not easy since they cannot express their feelings.

Affective Disorders Symptoms

Affective disorder symptoms vary greatly. However, there are some common signs associated with the three main types.

Most people with this condition are irritable and tend to take it out on those closest to them.

  • Other commonly known signs include:
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Significant alterations in sleeping and eating habits
  • Lethargy and lack of energy
  • Pains and aches that do not have any explanation
  • Chronic mood swings that are unusual
  • Feelings of guilt
  • Suicidal thoughts
  • Turning to alcohol and drugs. This problem affects both adults and teenagers whereby if not dealt with promptly could lead to addiction.
  • Prolonged sadness

Below are some of the risk factors that could trigger an affective disorder:

  • Alcohol or drug abuse
  • Having a close relative like sibling or parent having the condition
  • Prolonged stress resulting from the death of a loved one or a traumatic event

Conclusion

If you have signs depression or bipolar disorder, it is advisable to see your mental health professional or doctor, to have them help you get the symptoms under control.

There is no sure way to completely alleviate the suffering associated with affective disorders, however, getting treatment from the onset remains the best approach for the condition.

 

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Further Reading – Quality Articles From Third Party Websites

    1. [1] Hopkins Medicine
    2. [2] NAMI